Division into GDR and FRG

Already during and immediately after the end of the Second World War, the Allies at the conferences in Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam laid the foundations for the later division of Germany by dividing Germany into occupation zones. Conflicting ideas of the victorious powers about the future political and economic course of the country led to the Cold War, which reached its first climax with the Berlin Blockade in 1948. The founding of the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR caused Germany to break up into two states in 1949. Democracy and a market economy in the West contrasted with a socialist system in the East. Despite an already guarded border, there was mass flight in the 1950s, above all via the inner-city demarcation line in Berlin. On August 13, 1961, the GDR closed the last gate to the West there with the beginning of the construction of the Wall.