End of the war in the Pacific

Kriegsende im Pazifik

The United States, Japan and “the bomb”

In 1945, the Japanese sphere of control had been distinctly limited by the “island-hopping” of the United States and the Japanese forces’ influence had passed its peak. The battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa marked the advance into the heartland of the Japanese Empire and the troops of the United States were just outside the main islands. The atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki forced the Japanese Emperor Hirohito to surrender – the Soviet attack in Manchuria in August 1945 was not decisive for the war anymore.