Capitulation and End of War, 1945

Das Kriegsende in Europa

The end of the war in Europe

After the death of Adolf Hitler on April 30, the Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz formally assumed the affairs of state, being based in Flensburg in Schleswig-Holstein. Doenitz first tried to negotiate a partial surrender with the Western Allies on May 3, but on May 7 and 8 he finally signed the unconditional surrender of Germany. The government under Doenitz, which officially stayed in office until 23 May, had no real significance. Instead, the Allies took over the responsibility for Germany. In the Potsdam Conference, they agreed on the division of occupied zones, with the installation of their respective administrations of occupied territory beginning separately.