An international movement

Internationale Bewegung, 68er-Bewegung, Rue des Archives

An international Movement

The "68er" were part of a global revolt of young people. With the protests against the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement and the development of counterculture, the USA is regarded as the centre of the international movement. The hippie movement celebrated its highlights in the "Summer of Love" in 1967 and at the Woodstock Festival in 1969 in New York State.

The occupation of the Sorbonne in Paris at the beginning of May 1968 marked the starting point of the French student movement, which quickly spread throughout the country and received support from many sides. Trade unions called a general strike in protest against the violence against the students, and a civil war-like state of emergency prevailed in France in "Paris May".

In Eastern Europe, too, students ventured on the barricades. In Czechoslovakia, a "socialism with a human face" was to be created, while Alexander Dubcek, a liberal reformer, became head of the Communist Party in the spring. An optimistic mood suddenly prevailed among the population and especially among young people - the "Prague Spring". The hopes of liberalization and democratization were abruptly ended with the violent suppression of the Prague Spring by the invading troops of the Warsaw Pact.