Nachkriegszeit und Krise des Staats, 1919-1923

Nachkriegszeit und Krise des Staats, 1919-1923

Post-war Period and Crisis of the State, 1919-1923

In the post-war period, the Treaty of Versailles proved to be a heavy burden for the German people. The peace treaty came into force on 10 January 1920, more than a year after the end of the Great War, and the political climate of the young republic was severely affected by harsh conditions. Loss of territory, reparation payments, restrictions on sovereignty, foreign occupying powers, unilateral disarmament and, ultimately, Germany's sole guilt for the war make the treaty unjust and humiliating for the German people. This leads to uprisings and mass demonstrations. At the same time, the country has to bear the consequences of the war with difficulty: the economic crisis and hyperinflation burden the first post-war years, while the republic is constantly threatened by attempts to overthrow it through political radicalization from the left (Ruheaufstand 1920) and from the right (Kapp-Lüttwitz-Putsch 1920, Hitler-Ludendorff-Putsch 1923).