Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Spanish cities in ruins, refugees and the air force of Legion Condor - The spanish civil war is one of the major events in european history and tells the story of the dictator Francisco Franco‘s rise. The fighting began with the revolts of the garrissons against the democratically elected spanish government in Spanish Morocco. Within a few days, the battles extended to mainland Spain but the seizure of power by the rebels failed. Instead, things were heading for a stalemate that finally ended in a military conflict.
The battle between the left-leaning spanish government and the right-wing, fascist rebels led by Francisco Franco got an international dimension through foreign involvement. Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy were loyal to Franco’s party, the popular front government on the other side was supported by the Soviet Union by the use of battle tanks. Hitler delegated a military unit of the German Armed Forces under the name „Legion Condor“ that was kept secret until the end of the war. Equipped with the most modern airplanes, Legion Condor formed the first airlift in history. The destruction oft he city Guernica by Legion Condor will be etched into our collective memory as a symbol for the destructive aerial war and the german co-responsibility for the atrocities forever.
After the final victory in 1939, Franco formed a system of government that existed until his death. Ernest Hemingway, who became witness to the spanish civil war as a reporter, wrote in "Whom the Bell tolls": "Was there ever a people whose leaders were as truly their enemies as this one?" The collection of SZ Photo tells authentically of the combat force‘s lives, the misery of fleeing, destruction and death caused by the spanish civil war.