History | Germany after 1945 | Nürnberger Hauptkriegsverbrecher-Prozess 20.11.1945 - 01.10.1946 | Major War Criminals 20.11.1945 - 01.10.1946 | 02100800
History | Germany after 1945 | Nürnberger Ärzteprozess 09.12.1946 - 20.08.1947 | doctors trial - Nuremberg | 00309296
History | Germany after 1945 | Industriellen-Prozesse 18.04.- 31.07.1948 | Trials against industrialists - Flick and Krupp Trial | 00309319
History | Germany after 1945 | EVG-Vertrag, 1952 | 00103430
History | Germany after 1945 | I.G.-Farben-Prozess 14.08.1947 -30.07.1948 | IG Farben Trial 14.08.1947-30.07.1948 | 02101026
History | Germany after 1945 | OKW-Prozess 02.01.1948-14.04.1949 | The High Command Trial and trial against other generals - Nuremberg | 00309335
History | Germany after 1945 | Wilhelmstraßen-Prozess 04.11.1947-13.04.1949 | The Ministries Trial 04.11.1947-13.04.1949 | 02100230
History | Germany after 1945 | Kriegsverbrecherprozesse in Oradour 1953 | War crime trials in Oradour, 1953 | 00309354
History | Germany after 1945 | Penzberger Mordnacht 28.04.1945 | Murder of Penzberg 28.04.1945 | 02100369
History | Germany after 1945 | Degesch-Prozess 1949 | Degesch Trial 1949 | 02100746
History | Germany after 1945 | Auschwitzprozesse 1963-1965 | Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials: Members of court inspect Auschwitz concentration camp, 1964 | 00309438
History | Germany after 1945 | Buchenwald-Hauptprozess 1947 | Buchenwald-Trial in Dachau | 00309455
History | Germany after 1945 | Dachau-Hauptprozess 1945 | Dachau Trials 1945 | 02100994
History | Germany after 1945 | 2. Treblinka-Prozess 1964-1965 | Second Treblinka Trial 1964-1965 | 02101000
History | Germany after 1945 | Marshallplan ab Juni 1947 | First aid supplies of the Marshall Plan 16.04.1948 | 02100929
History | Germany after 1945 | Berlin-Blockade 24.06.1948-12.05.1949 | Berlin Blockade 24.06.1948-12.05.1948 | 02100381
History | Germany after 1945 | Währungsreform 20.06.1948 | Monetary reform 20.06.1948 | 02100108
History | Germany after 1945 | Spaltung des Magistrats durch die SED 30.11.1948 | magistrate: splitting by the SED 1948 | 00330531
History | Germany after 1945 | Abschied von den Alliierten Truppen 1994 | Allied military - farewell 1994 | 00332905
History | Germany after 1945 | Anti-Reagan-Demonstration 11.06.1982 | Anti-Reagan-Demonstration 11.06.1982 | 02275475
History | Germany after 1945 | Erste Stadtverordneten-Wahl Berlin 20.10.1946 | First election of the city council of Berlin 20.10.1946 | 02100731
History | Germany after 1945 | Erste Stadtverordneten-Wahl Berlin 05.12.1948 | Second comunal election, December 5,1948 | 00331703
History | Germany after 1945 | Unterzeichnung des Grundgesetzes für die BRD, 23.05.1949 | Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany 23.05.1949 | 02100932
History | Germany after 1945 | Deutschlandvertrag 26.05.1952 | German Treaty 26.05.1952 | 02100379
History | Germany after 1945 | Pariser Verträge 23.10.1954 | London and Paris Conferences 23.10.1954 | 02100400
History | Germany after 1945 | Aufhebung des Besatzungsstatuts 05.05.1955 | sovereignty, end of the allied occupation of Germany, 05.05.1955 | 00312823
History | Germany after 1945 | Die Berliner Luftbrücke 24.06.1948-12.05.1949 | Berlin Airlift 24.06.1948-12.05.1948 | 02100088
History | Germany after 1945 | Gründung der Bundeswehr 1955-1960 | Founding of the Bundeswehr 1955-1960 | 02100897
History | Germany after 1945 | U-Boot 'Hai' - Unglück September 1966 | Submarine 'Hai' - accident September 1966 | 02100719
History | Germany after 1945 | Mord in Lebach 1969 | Homicide in Lebach, 1969 | 02100629
History | Germany after 1945 | Unglück in der Iller - 15 Soldaten ertrinken am 03.06.1957 | Death of 15 soldiers in a training accident in the river Iller, 03.06.1957 | 02100673
History | Germany after 1945 | Kommando Ost - Bundeswehr in den Neuen Bundesländern, 1990-1991 | Eastern Command - Bundeswehr in the new states, 1990-1991 | 02100602
History | Germany after 1945 | CDU - Vereinigungsparteitag 01.10.1990 | CDU - unification party conference 01.10.1990 | 02100136
History | Germany after 1945 | Beschlüsse von Kreuth 19.11.1976 | Kreuth resolution 19.11.1976 | 02100339
History | Germany after 1945 | FDP - Vereinigungsparteitag in Hannover 11.08.1990 | FDP - unification party conference in Hannover 11.08.1990 | 02100218
History | Germany after 1945 | Verbot der KPD 17.08.1956 | Ban ot the KPD party 17.08.1956 | 02100827
History | Germany after 1945 | SPD-Parteitag München 1982 | SPD: Party conference: Munich 1982 | 00325690
History | Germany after 1945 | SPD-Vereinigungsparteitag 28.09.1990 | SPD Unification party conference 28.09.1990 | 02100970
History | Germany after 1945 | Euro Einführung, 2002 | EURO-Währungszeichen vor dem EURO-Tower, 2002 | 00102142
History | Germany after 1945 | Schumanplan und Montanunion | Schumanplan und Montanunion | 02100557
History | Germany after 1945 | Schuman-Plan 19.03.1951 | signing of the Schuman Declaration | 00312767
History | Germany after 1945 | Erste Bundestagswahl 1949 | First West German federal election 1949 | 02100754
History | Germany after 1945 | Wahl zum ersten Deutschen Bundestag 14.08.1949 | Election of the first German Bundestag 07.09.1949 | 02100148
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 06.09.1953 | German federal election 06.09.1953 | 02100749
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 15.09.1957 | German federal election 15.09.1957 | 02100097
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 17.09.1961 | German federal election 17.09.1961 | 02100363
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 19.09.1965 | German federal election 19.09.1965 | 02100445
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 28.09.1969 | CSU politician Walter Zoeller in conversation, 1969 | 00318331
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 19.11.1972 | Seventh election to the German Bundestag 1972 | 00318370
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 03.10.1976 | Eight German Bundestag election campaign 1976 | 00318386
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 05.10.1980 | German federal election 05.10.1980 | 02100200
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 06.03.1983 | German federal election 06.03.1983 | 02100942
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 25.01.1987 | CDU election poster and Adenauer bust, 1987 | 00318537
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundestagswahl 16.10.1994 | Thirteenth German Bundestag 16.10.1994 | 02100737
History | Germany after 1945 | Flick-Spendenaffäre 1983-1986 | Flick affair 1983-1986 | 02100712
History | Germany after 1945 | Parlamentarischer Untersuchungsausschuß zu Manfred Wörner und General Günter Kießling 1984 | Witness Bench of the Board of Inquiry, 1984 | 00317846
History | Germany after 1945 | Volkszählung in Deutschland 1983 | 1983. Census | 00317851
History | Germany after 1945 | Volkszählung in Deutschland 1987 | 1987: census | 00317859
History | Germany after 1945 | Spionage-Untersuchungsausschuss 1985 | 1985: spying board of enquiry | 00317875
History | Germany after 1945 | 40 Jahre Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1989 | 1989: Germany's 40th anniversary | 00317880
History | Germany after 1945 | Deutsch-französischer Freundschaftsvertrag 1963 | German-French relations, German-French friendship treaty, anniversary 1983 | 00318052
History | Germany after 1945 | Deutsch-tschechische Erklärung 21.01.1997 | German-Czech declaration 21.01.1997 | 02100429
History | Germany after 1945 | 750-Jahrfeier von West-Berlin 01.07.1987 | West-Berlin: 750th anniversary of Berlin | 00366931
History | Germany after 1945 | Bundespräsidentenwahl 2010 - Regina Schmeken | Christian Wulff, 2010 | 00633863
History | Germany after 1945 | G20 Gipfel Hamburg, 2017 | G20 Summit 2017 | 02572042

Germany after 1945

It was the 8th of May, 1945: the day of the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht. The war was lost, the Nazi state had collapsed. For Germany, the immediate phase after the war was known as "zero hour".

Reconstruction and denazification allowed a fresh start, step by step Germany was returned its independence. On May 23, 1949, the German Constitution came into effect, the Federal Republic was founded. But Germany had already been divided as the front line of the Cold War was running through the country. Adenauer accelerated an integration with the West and the rearmament of the Federal Republic. Meanwhile, the "economic miracle" spread prosperity and new optimism. Finally, Germany was internationally integrated and recognized again. However, the Berlin Wall intensified the German division. Chancellor Willy Brandt initiated a new policy towards the east and intensified the dialogue with Moscow and the German Democratic Republic. In the 1970s, the Federal Republic under Helmut Schmidt had to survive a recession, the oil crisis and the terror of the RAF in Germany's autumn of terror. The environmental and anti-nuclear movement had gained influence on politics and society, the Green Party was founded. After 40 years of division, Chancellor Kohl succeeded to reunite Germany in 1989/90, Berlin replaced Bonn as the capital of Germany.