History | Germany after 1945 | Major War Criminals 20.11.1945 - 01.10.1946 02100800
History | Germany after 1945 | Doctors Trial in Nuremberg 09.12.1946 - 20.08.1947 00309296
History | Germany after 1945 | Trials against industrialists - 18.04.-31.07.1948 00309319
History | Germany after 1945 | EVG-Vertrag, 1952 00103430
History | Germany after 1945 | IG Farben Trial 14.08.1947-30.07.1948 02101026
History | Germany after 1945 | The High Command Trial 02.01.1948-14.04.1949 00309335
History | Germany after 1945 | The Ministries Trial 04.11.1947-13.04.1949 02100230
History | Germany after 1945 | War crime trials in Ouradour 1953 00309354
History | Germany after 1945 | Murder of Penzberg 28.04.1945 02100369
History | Germany after 1945 | Degesch Trial 1949 02100746
History | Germany after 1945 | Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials 1963-1965 00309438
History | Germany after 1945 | Concentration camp trials Buchenwald 1947 00309455
History | Germany after 1945 | Dachau Trials 1945 02100994
History | Germany after 1945 | Second Treblinka Trial 1964-1965 02101000
History | Germany after 1945 | Marshall Plan June 1947 02100929
History | Germany after 1945 | Berlin Blockade 24.06.1948-12.05.1949 02100381
History | Germany after 1945 | Monetary reform 20.06.1948 00007956
History | Germany after 1945 | Splitting of the magistrate by the SED 30.11.1948 00330531
History | Germany after 1945 | Allied Troops leaving Germany 1994 00332905
History | Germany after 1945 | Anti-Reagan Demonstration 11.06.1982 02275475
History | Germany after 1945 | First election of the city council of Berlin 20.10.1946 00331692
History | Germany after 1945 | Second election of the city council of Berlin 05.12.1948 00331703
History | Germany after 1945 | Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany 23.05.1949 02100932
History | Germany after 1945 | German Treaty 26.05.1952 00312778
History | Germany after 1945 | London and Paris Conferences 23.10.1954 00312811
History | Germany after 1945 | End of the allied occupation of Germany 05.05.1955 00312823
History | Germany after 1945 | Berlin Airlift 24.06.1948-12.05.1949 02100088
History | Germany after 1945 | Founding of the Bundeswehr 1955-1960 00318573
History | Germany after 1945 | Submarine 'Hai' - accident September 1966 00318904
History | Germany after 1945 | Homicide in Lebach, 1969 00319112
History | Germany after 1945 | Death of 15 soldiers in a training accident in the river Iller, 03.06.1957 00319118
History | Germany after 1945 | Eastern Command - Bundeswehr in the new states, 1990-1991 00319230
History | Germany after 1945 | CDU - unification party conference 01.10.1990 00325337
History | Germany after 1945 | Kreuth resolution 19.11.1976 00325386
History | Germany after 1945 | FDP - unification party conference in Hannover 11.08.1990 00325441
History | Germany after 1945 | Ban ot the KPD party 17.08.1956 02100827
History | Germany after 1945 | SPD party conference Munich 1982 00325690
History | Germany after 1945 | SPD Unification party conference 28.09.1990 00325699
History | Germany after 1945 | Introduction of the Euro, 2002 00102142
History | Germany after 1945 | Schumanplan und Montanunion 02100557
History | Germany after 1945 | Schuman Declaration 19.03.1951 00312767
History | Germany after 1945 | First West German federal election 1949 00318135
History | Germany after 1945 | Election of the first German Bundestag 07.09.1949 00318168
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 06.09.1953 02100749
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 15.09.1957 00318221
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 17.09.1961 00318245
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 19.09.1965 00318281
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 28.09.1969 00318331
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 19.11.1972 00318370
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 03.10.1976 00318386
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 05.10.1980 00318428
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 06.03.1983 00318475
History | Germany after 1945 | German federal election 25.01.1987 00318537
History | Germany after 1945 | Thirteenth German Bundestag 16.10.1994 00325060
History | Germany after 1945 | Flick affair 1983-1986 00317841
History | Germany after 1945 | Parlamentary board of enquiry into the Mafred Woerner / General Guenter Kießling affair 00317846
History | Germany after 1945 | Census in Germany 1983 00317851
History | Germany after 1945 | Census in Germany 1987 00317859
History | Germany after 1945 | Parlamentary board of enquiry into espionage1985 00317875
History | Germany after 1945 | 40th Anniversary of West Germany 1989 00317880
History | Germany after 1945 | German-French Elysee Treaty 1963 00318052
History | Germany after 1945 | German-Czech declaration 21.01.1997 00318132
History | Germany after 1945 | 750th anniversary of West-Berlin 01.07.1987 00366931
History | Germany after 1945 | Election of the Federal President of Germany 2010 - Photos by Regina Schmeken 00633863
History | Germany after 1945 | G20 Summit Hamburg, 2017 02572042

Germany after 1945

It was the 8th of May, 1945: the day of the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht. The war was lost, the Nazi state had collapsed. For Germany, the immediate phase after the war was known as "zero hour".

Reconstruction and denazification allowed a fresh start, step by step Germany was returned its independence. On May 23, 1949, the German Constitution came into effect, the Federal Republic was founded. But Germany had already been divided as the front line of the Cold War was running through the country. Adenauer accelerated an integration with the West and the rearmament of the Federal Republic. Meanwhile, the "economic miracle" spread prosperity and new optimism. Finally, Germany was internationally integrated and recognized again. However, the Berlin Wall intensified the German division. Chancellor Willy Brandt initiated a new policy towards the east and intensified the dialogue with Moscow and the German Democratic Republic. In the 1970s, the Federal Republic under Helmut Schmidt had to survive a recession, the oil crisis and the terror of the RAF in Germany's autumn of terror. The environmental and anti-nuclear movement had gained influence on politics and society, the Green Party was founded. After 40 years of division, Chancellor Kohl succeeded to reunite Germany in 1989/90, Berlin replaced Bonn as the capital of Germany.