History | East Germany | Founding of the GDR 07.10.1949 02100755
History | East Germany | Border crossing points of the sectors in Berlin since 1961 02100362
History | East Germany | 25. Anniversary of the construction of the Berlin wall 13.08.1986 00367771
History | East Germany | Agreement between GDR and FRG about permits for the german border 17.12.1963 02101591
History | East Germany | Uprising in the GDR 17.06.1953 00080967
History | East Germany | Founding of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, 1946 02100389
History | East Germany | Relief campaigns for the people of the GDR 1953 00330604
History | East Germany | Peter Fechter 00230806
History | East Germany | Fugitives from the GDR since 1961 00017005
History | East Germany | Fugitives from the GDR 1989 02100163
History | East Germany | People's Chamber delegation in Bonn September 1952 00312806
History | East Germany | Opening of the Berlin Wall 09.11.1989 02101777
History | East Germany | Fall of the Berlin wall - photos by Regina Schmeken 00269480
History | East Germany | 40th Anniversary of the GDR 1989 00329571
History | East Germany | Reactions in the GDR to the death of Joseph Stalin 05.03.1953 00329629
History | East Germany | Freedom to leave the GDR, 1989 00329646
History | East Germany | Elections for the parliament of the GDR, 18.03.1990 02100714
History | East Germany | Treaty of Zgorzelec 06.07.1950 00329727
History | East Germany | Demonstrations in the GDR 1989 02112757
History | East Germany | Demonstrations in the GDR 1990 00329779
History | East Germany | Foundation of the National Peoples Army 01.03.1956 00332987
History | East Germany | 750th anniversary of East-Berlin 01.07.1987 00366856
History | East Germany | Erfurt Summit between Willy Brandt and Willi Stoph 19.03.1970 01067175
History | East Germany | Laying of the cornerstone Palace of the Republic in East Berlin on 02.11.1973 00627286
History | East Germany | Strike of railway workers in East Berlin for Westmark payment, 21.05.1949-28.06.1949 00330577
History | East Germany | Referendum for free elections in East Berlin 1950 00330601
History | East Germany | Detection of the espionage tunnel of the american secret service in East Berlin 1956 00330615
East Germany

After its formation on October 7, 1949, the socialist GDR existed alongside the Federal Republic for 40 years as a second German state.

Large parts of private property were taken over by the dictatorial regime of the GDR, and the economy was nationalized and centrally planned. The SED controlled all areas of life in the eastern one-party state, from raising children, leisure activities to work and housing choices. Dissidents were monitored and persecuted by the infamous Ministry of State Security. The construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 cemented the ideological and political division of Germany and Berlin.

At no time, however, the permanently ailing state enjoyed the full support of the population. With their inefficient socialist economic system, the GDR slowly but surely headed towards bankruptcy, popular discontent culminated in a wave of refugees and the Monday demonstrations in 1989. Under growing public and international pressure the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989. On October 3, 1990, the GDR finally joined the Federal Republic and Germany was reunited after 40 years of separation.