History | East Germany | Staatsgründung der DDR, 07.10.1949 | Founding of the GDR 07.10.1949 | 02100755
History | East Germany | Sektoren-Übergänge in Berlin, 1961-1989 | Border crossing points of the sectors in Berlin since 1961 | 02100362
History | East Germany | 25. Jahrestag Bau der Berliner Mauer 13.08.1986 | 25. Anniversary of the construction of the Berlin wall 13.08.1986 | 02101739
History | East Germany | Passierscheinabkommen mit der DDR 17.12.1963 | Agreement between GDR and FRG about permits for the german border 17.12.1963 | 02101591
History | East Germany | Volksaufstand in der DDR, 17.06.1953 | Aufstand am 17. Juni 1953 | 00080967
History | East Germany | Gründung der SED, 1946 | Founding of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, 1946 | 02100389
History | East Germany | Lebensmittelaktion für Bewohner der DDR 1953 | Relief campaigns for the people of the GDR 1953 | 02100687
History | East Germany | Peter Fechter | Peter Fechter | 02100170
History | East Germany | Flucht aus der DDR 1961-1990 | Escape through a tunnel to West-Berlin, 1962 | 00017005
History | East Germany | Fluchtwelle von DDR-Bürgern, 1989 | Fugitives from the GDR 1989 | 02100163
History | East Germany | DDR-Volkskammerdelegation in Bonn September 1952 | People's Chamber delegation in Bonn September 1952 | 02100706
History | East Germany | Öffnung der Berliner Mauer ab 09.11.1989 | Opening of the Berlin Wall 09.11.1989 | 02101777
History | East Germany | Fall der Berliner Mauer - Regina Schmeken | Fall of the Berlin Wall,1989 | 00269480
History | East Germany | 40. Jahrestag der Gründung der DDR 07.10.1989 | 40th Anniversary of the GDR 1989 | 02100839
History | East Germany | Reaktion in der DDR auf den Tod von Josef Stalin 1953 | Stalins death - de-stalinization | 00329629
History | East Germany | Reisefreiheit für DDR-Bürger ab November 1989 | Distribution of welcome money in Starnberg, 1989 | 00329646
History | East Germany | Volkskammerwahlen in der DDR, 1990 | Elections for the parliament of the GDR, 18.03.1990 | 02100714
History | East Germany | Görlitzer Abkommen zwischen Deutschland und Polen 06.07.1950 | German-polish border at river oder and neisse - treaties with poland, 1950- | 00329727
History | East Germany | Opposition und Demonstrationen in der DDR 1989 | Demonstrations in the GDR 1989 | 02112757
History | East Germany | Demonstrationen in der DDR 1990 | Right-wing extremists at the Leipzig Monday Demonstration, 1990 | 00329779
History | East Germany | Gründung der Nationalen Volksarmee 01.03.1956 | National People's Army (NVA) - Foundation 1956 | 00332987
History | East Germany | 750-Jahrfeier von Ost-Berlin 01.07.1987 | 750th anniversary of East-Berlin 01.07.1987 | 02101775
History | East Germany | Erfurter Gipfeltreffen zwischen Willy Brandt und Willi Stoph am 19.03.1970 | Summit conference between Willy Brandt and Willi Stoph, 1970 | 01067175
History | East Germany | Grundsteinlegung Palast der Republik in Ost-Berlin am 02.11.1973 | Laying of the cornerstone Palace of the Republic in East Berlin on 02.11.1973 | 02100969
History | East Germany | Eisenbahnerstreik in Ostberlin für Westmark-Lohnzahlungen 21.05.1949-28.06.1949 | rail strike for Westmark- payment of salary, May 21, 1949 - June 28,1949 | 00330577
History | East Germany | Volksbefragung für freie Wahlen in Ost-Berlin 1950 | public opinion poll for free elections in East Berlin, 1950 | 00330601
History | East Germany | Entdeckung des Abhör-Tunnel des amerikanischen Geheimdienstes in Ostberlin 1956 | Detection of the espionage tunnel of the american secret service in East Berlin 1956 | 02100131
East Germany

After its formation on October 7, 1949, the socialist GDR existed alongside the Federal Republic for 40 years as a second German state.

Large parts of private property were taken over by the dictatorial regime of the GDR, and the economy was nationalized and centrally planned. The SED controlled all areas of life in the eastern one-party state, from raising children, leisure activities to work and housing choices. Dissidents were monitored and persecuted by the infamous Ministry of State Security. The construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 cemented the ideological and political division of Germany and Berlin.

At no time, however, the permanently ailing state enjoyed the full support of the population. With their inefficient socialist economic system, the GDR slowly but surely headed towards bankruptcy, popular discontent culminated in a wave of refugees and the Monday demonstrations in 1989. Under growing public and international pressure the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989. On October 3, 1990, the GDR finally joined the Federal Republic and Germany was reunited after 40 years of separation.