History | Cold War | NATO Doppelbeschluss 1980-1981 | NATO Double-Track decision 1980-1981 | 02100571
History | Cold War | Vietnamkrieg | War in Vietnam | 02100357
History | Cold War | Invasion in der Schweinebucht, 1961 | Cuban exiles prepare for Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961 | 00748017
History | Cold War | Ostverträge im Deutschen Bundestag 1972 | Ostverträge in the German Bundestag 1972 | 02100875
History | Cold War | Deutscher Grundlagenvertrag 1972 | German Basic Treaty 1972 | 02100213
History | Cold War | Falklandkrieg, 1982 | Falklands War, 1982 | 02100224
Cold War

After the end of World War II, a new war split the world: the "balance of terror" of the Cold War dominated international politics for more than 40 years.

The ideological differences between the capitalist west led by the United States and the communist Soviet Bloc made international cooperation impossible. The military and ideological blocs were formed in the NATO (1949) and the Warsaw Pact (1955). The "Iron Curtain" ran right through the middle of Europe and Germany, the Berlin Wall became the symbol of the Cold War.

For decades, the bloc powers were entangled in a relentless arms race. Korea and Vietnam were devastated by proxy wars, but the great military conflict had always been avoided at the last possible moments. However, in 1962, the world was on the brink of nuclear war: Kennedy and Khrushchev only just came to reason in the Cuban missile crisis.

In the 1980s, the inferiority of the economically ailing Soviet Union was becoming obvious. Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of "Glasnost" and "Perestroika" allowed the rapprochement of the superpowers. In 1991, the Soviet bloc and the Soviet Union dissolved and the Cold War ended.