Contemporary | German history - Regina Schmeken | Nazi takeover of power (Machtergreifung) 30.01.1933 | 02101258
Contemporary | Colonialism | Children with swastika flags, 1933 | 00339563
Contemporary | World War I | Nazi government in Bavaria, March 1933 | 00057847
Contemporary | Weimar Republic | Terror against NS-antis | 02100461
Contemporary | Great Depression | Reichstag fire on 27.02.1933 | 00339343
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Hitler and Hindenburg at the 'Day of Potsdam' | 00028331
Contemporary | Nazism 1934-1945 | Adolf Hitler during the Reichstag session on 23/03/1933 | 00032050
Contemporary | Spanish Civil War | Public book burning in Berlin, 1933 | 00006125
Contemporary | World War II | dedication of the Tannenberg-memorial 8/1933, with Paul von Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler | 00339558
Contemporary | East Germany | General Assembly of the League Council, 1935/37 | 00339730
Nazism 1933

With the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg on January 30, 1933, the Weimar Republic went down and the "seizure of power" of the National Socialists in Germany took its course. A little later, Hitler received dictatorial powers in the state by the Enabling Act, democracy was abolished gradually. The programmatic "Gleichschaltung" (forcible-coordination) and oppression of any opposition by persecution and terror were initiated in the same year, as well as the preparations for the systematic extermination of the Jews; Dachau concentration camp was already built in March. In front of the Reichswehr, Hitler announced the Germanization of the East, an ideological war of conquest based on Social Darwinism and racist ideology was inevitable.

However, the fateful year 1933 only marked the beginning of twelve years of Hitler's reign of terror.