Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Nazi takeover of power (Machtergreifung) 30.01.1933 02101258
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Daily life in 1933 00339563
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Gleichschaltung (political equalization) in Munich and Bavaria 1933 00057847
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Terror against NS-antis 02100461
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Reichstags fire 1933 00339343
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Day of Potsdam 1933 00028331
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Enabling Act 23.03.1933 00032050
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Burning of 'non-German literature' in Germany 1933 00006125
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Dedication of the Tannenberg memorial in August 1933 00339558
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Germany leaving the League of Nations 14.10.1933 00339730
Nazism 1933

With the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg on January 30, 1933, the Weimar Republic went down and the "seizure of power" of the National Socialists in Germany took its course. A little later, Hitler received dictatorial powers in the state by the Enabling Act, democracy was abolished gradually. The programmatic "Gleichschaltung" (forcible-coordination) and oppression of any opposition by persecution and terror were initiated in the same year, as well as the preparations for the systematic extermination of the Jews; Dachau concentration camp was already built in March. In front of the Reichswehr, Hitler announced the Germanization of the East, an ideological war of conquest based on Social Darwinism and racist ideology was inevitable.

However, the fateful year 1933 only marked the beginning of twelve years of Hitler's reign of terror.