Contemporary | German history - Regina Schmeken | Founding of the GDR 07.10.1949 | 02100755
Contemporary | Colonialism | Border crossing points of the sectors in Berlin since 1961 | 02100362
Contemporary | World War I | Celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the Berlin Wall in East Berlin, 1986 | 00367771
Contemporary | Weimar Republic | Agreement between GDR and FRG about permits for the german border 17.12.1963 | 02101591
Contemporary | Great Depression | Aufstand am 17. Juni 1953 | 00080967
Contemporary | Nazism 1933 | Founding of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, 1946 | 02100389
Contemporary | Nazism 1934-1945 | relief campaigns for inhabitants of the East sector 1953 | 00330604
Contemporary | Spanish Civil War | Peter Fechter | 00230806
Contemporary | World War II | Escape through a tunnel to West-Berlin, 1962 | 00017005
Contemporary | East Germany | Fugitives from the GDR 1989 | 02100163
Contemporary | Cold War | Peoples's Chamber delegation in Bonn, September 1952 | 00312806
Contemporary | Germany after 1945 | Opening of the Berlin Wall 09.11.1989 | 02101777
Contemporary | Founding of the GDR 07.10.1949 | Fall of the Berlin Wall,1989 | 00269480
Contemporary | Border crossing points of the sectors in Berlin since 1961 | Celebration on the 40th anniversary of the founding of the GDR, 07.10.1989 | 00329571
Contemporary | 25. Anniversary of the construction of the Berlin wall 13.08.1986 | Stalins death - de-stalinization | 00329629
Contemporary | Agreement between GDR and FRG about permits for the german border 17.12.1963 | Distribution of welcome money in Starnberg, 1989 | 00329646
Contemporary | Uprising in the GDR 17.06.1953 | Elections for the parliament of the GDR, 18.03.1990 | 02100714
Contemporary | Founding of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, 1946 | German-polish border at river oder and neisse - treaties with poland, 1950- | 00329727
Contemporary | Relief campaigns for the people of the GDR 1953 | Demonstrations in the GDR 1989 | 02112757
Contemporary | Peter Fechter | Right-wing extremists at the Leipzig Monday Demonstration, 1990 | 00329779
Contemporary | Fugitives from the GDR since 1961 | National People's Army (NVA) - Foundation 1956 | 00332987
Contemporary | Fugitives from the GDR 1989 | East-Berlin: 750th anniversary of Berlin | 00366856
Contemporary | People's Chamber delegation in Bonn September 1952 | Summit conference between Willy Brandt and Willi Stoph, 1970 | 01067175
Contemporary | Opening of the Berlin Wall 09.11.1989 | Grundsteinlegung Palast der Republik Berlin | 00627286
Contemporary | Fall of the Berlin wall - photos by Regina Schmeken | rail strike for Westmark- payment of salary, May 21, 1949 - June 28,1949 | 00330577
Contemporary | 40th Anniversary of the GDR 1989 | public opinion poll for free elections in East Berlin, 1950 | 00330601
Contemporary | Reactions in the GDR to the death of Joseph Stalin 05.03.1953 | 1956, american secret service: espionage | 00330615
East Germany

After its formation on October 7, 1949, the socialist GDR existed alongside the Federal Republic for 40 years as a second German state.

Large parts of private property were taken over by the dictatorial regime of the GDR, and the economy was nationalized and centrally planned. The SED controlled all areas of life in the eastern one-party state, from raising children, leisure activities to work and housing choices. Dissidents were monitored and persecuted by the infamous Ministry of State Security. The construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 cemented the ideological and political division of Germany and Berlin.

At no time, however, the permanently ailing state enjoyed the full support of the population. With their inefficient socialist economic system, the GDR slowly but surely headed towards bankruptcy, popular discontent culminated in a wave of refugees and the Monday demonstrations in 1989. Under growing public and international pressure the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989. On October 3, 1990, the GDR finally joined the Federal Republic and Germany was reunited after 40 years of separation.